The quality of your eyesight depends on light being directed properly onto your retina. Structural irregularities in the shape of your eyes can disrupt the way light enters your eyes, resulting in vision problems commonly referred to as refractive errors. Here, your experienced eye care specialist from Elite Vision Care discuss the four general classifications of refractive errors:
Hyperopia or Farsightedness
If you have an unusually rigid cornea or short eyeball, you may develop hyperopia. These structural irregularities cause light to settle at the back part of your retina rather than directly upon it. Hyperopia is marked by difficulty seeing objects up close, while distant vision remains strong. We can prescribe eyeglasses, contact lenses, or even LASIK to correct this error.
Myopia or Nearsightedness
- overly curved cornea or elongated eyeball can cause light accumulation in front of the retina, resulting in nearsightedness. With myopia, you can see nearby things clearly, but distant objects will appear blurry. Wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses or undergoing LASIK are standard solutions to this refractive error.
Any changes to the shape or surface of your cornea or lens may result in light focusing problems. This may cause blurred close-range and far-range vision. An effective remedy is to wear toric lenses, which feature a sliced donut shape that produces different refractive powers to compensate for your eyes’ structural irregularities.
Your eyes’ natural lenses may lose their flexibility as you age. This can cause focusing problems over time, particularly when doing close-range tasks or looking at nearby objects. We may recommend fitting your eyeglasses or contact lenses with bifocal or progressive lenses, which contain two prescriptions for your far- and near-range viewing ease.
For more information on the four major refractive errors, call us at (281) 205-0002 or fill out our form. We help families in League City, TX, and nearby areas experience improved visual health.