Glaucoma is a group of diseases that cause damage to the optic nerve, which can lead to vision loss and blindness. Symptoms usually don’t manifest until the condition has progressed to a severe level. A leading cause of blindness in the United States, glaucoma is expected to affect 4.2 million people by 2030.
In this post, your local eyecare specialist, Elite Vision Care, discusses the early warning signs of glaucoma.
Risk Factors for Glaucoma
There is no cure yet for glaucoma, but early detection and prompt treatment can prevent permanent vision loss.
Here are some of the risk factors for glaucoma:
African-American, Asian, Hispanic, Inuit, Irish, Russian or Scandinavian descent
Over the age of 40
Family history of glaucoma
Hypertension or hypotension
Past eye injury
Poor vision or extreme nearsightedness
Taking steroids like prednisone
Monitor your eyes’ condition by having a routine eye exam especially if you have any of these risk factors.
Early Signs of Glaucoma
The symptoms of different types of glaucoma may vary. In some cases there are no visible symptoms, specifically with open-angle glaucoma, the most common form of the disease.
Visit your eye doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms:
1. Loss of peripheral or side vision
2. Sensitivity to light, seeing rainbow-colored circles around lights or halos
3. Sudden vision loss
4. Nausea or vomiting with severe eye pain
5. Hazy or cloudy cornea
6. Headache with eye pain
7. Tunnel vision or narrowing of vision where you begin to lose sight at the edges of the visual field
8. Eye redness with pain which may indicate injury, infection or acute glaucoma
Take Care of Your Eyes
Routine eye exams are important when it comes to early detection of any eye disease. The risk of glaucoma increases as you age.