It’s well established that smoking causes a myriad of health problems. While heart and lung issues are the types of problems most commonly associated with smoking, this bad habit can negatively impact many other parts of your body as well, including your eyes. In today’s post, your adult and pediatric eye care clinic talks about different sight-threatening diseases smokers and those exposed to second- and third-hand smoke are at an increased risk of developing.
The macula is located in the retina and plays a large role in providing your central vision. Smoking can cause the macula to degenerate, which can result in total loss of central vision at an early age.
Cataracts are protein deposits that develop on your eyes’ natural lenses. They block light rays from entering your eyes, leading to blurry vision. Your eye center shares that people who smoke and are often exposed to second- and third-hand smoke are at an increased risk of developing cataracts. Although cataracts can be removed surgically, large and untreated ones can cause severe eyesight problems and even loss of sight.
Diabetes is characterized by having high sugar levels in your blood. This makes your blood more viscous, making it difficult for the blood to flow to the different parts of your body. Consequently, your blood vessel walls become thicker because of the increased workload, which leads to their narrowing. This eventually takes a toll on your organs, including your eyes.
Tobacco contains vessel-narrowing compounds that make it harder for blood to flow to your eyes. Without adequate oxygen supply to your eyes, vision problems and blindness can result. If you or a family member is diabetic, have a comprehensive eye exam regularly so appropriate measures to keep your eyes healthy can be taken.
Cigarettes contain toxins that can be irritating to your eyes. They can compromise your tear quality, resulting in dry eye syndrome. When this develops, your eyes may be red, itchy and puffy. They may feel gritty and uncomfortable as well.
To learn more about the link between smoking and your eyesight, call us at (281) 205-0002 or fill out our form. We serve League City and the surrounding TX areas.